When is Basant Panchmi 2020 and what is the importance?

Published by Ashok Prajapati on

The first season of the six seasons found in India is spring or Vasant. It is also known as Basant. The Spring or Vasant season starts on the fifth date of the Shukla Paksha of the Indian month of Magh. It is celebrated like a festival. This year Vasant Panchami is falling on 29 January.

Importance of Vasant Panchami

This is a very important day, Vasant Panchami has a direct relation with Mother Nature and it has religious and historical significance.

Importance and link with Nature 

According to Hindu Calander, there are six seasons in a year. The Spring or Basant season has the status of king of all the seasons. Spring comes after the bitter cold. There is greenery all around and yellow mustard flowers bloom. Blossom has come on mango trees. The weather is very pleasant. We feel the pleasant cold that feeds & please the mind and body. This season is very favourable for our health. The tweet of birds makes the mind happy.

Religious Importance 

  • According to Hindu beliefs, Goddess Sarasvati descended on this day. Goddess Sarasvati is considered the presiding deity of knowledge and art. Goddess Sarasvati is worshipped on this day. People bathe in the holy rivers. Only yellow coloured dishes like yellow rice are made in homes. The yellow sari is worn to the statue of Sarasvati Devi. Women wear a yellow scarf. There is no custom nowadays, otherwise, men used to wear yellow turbans even forty-fifty years ago.
  • Sarasvati Devi is the goddess of knowledge, so it was custom to start the study session from this day. The education of young children begins by worshipping Sarasvati Devi from this day and it is believed that the child will be blessed by Sarasvati Devi and will be very intelligent.
  • According to another belief, at the behest of Goddess Parvathi, Kamadeva (Cupid) shoot with the love arrow to Lord Shiva to awaken from penance. But Lord Shiva got angry, he opened his third eye, which consumed Kamadeva. Later Lord Shiva installed Kamadeva in the spring. Therefore, this season is also considered as the season of Cupid, that is, the season of love, because the weather is good, flowers bloom on the trees and the tweet of birds is echoing all around. Every young person’s mind wants to drown in love.

Historical Importance

This festival is also associated with sentiments of Hindus. Before we got independence, long back ago when Muslim were ruling on India, there was one young boy Hakikat Rai. He is known as Veer Hakikat Rai. He was born in 1724 in the Sialkot, a city of Punjab now in Pakistan. This boy was very intelligent. At a very early age, he got the knowledge of Sanskrit, Persian and knowledge of other subjects also. It was a Muslim dominated society and all the Muslim class fellow jealous of him. 

One day, they beat him and when Maulvi (Muslim Teacher of Madrasa) came, the Muslim students complained that Hakikat Rai has uttered a word against their Bibi Fatima. He is accused of Blasphemy. The matter was brought to the knowledge of Kazi. In his decision, Kazi said either you join Islam or you will be hanged. The Veer Hakikat Rai refused to convert into Muslim. Muslim rulers killed Veer Hakikat Rai on the day of Vasant Panchami in the year 1734 when he was ten years old. Therefore, Hindu people pay homage to his monument. This Veer Hakikat Rai is an icon for all the Hindu. In the memory of Veer Hakikat Rai and to pay homage, the name of interstate Bus Stand in national Capital, New Delhi, is also given the Veer Hakikat Rai. There are numberless monuments in the memory of this brave Hindu boy. In Punjab, almost at every place, program and fairly organized by the people. The wrestling competition organize by the people and people fly kite.   

Auspicious time

Marriage is organized considering this day as a very auspicious time and many people also fix this day for home enter ceremony on this day in their new house.

This year, the arrival date of Vasant Panchami is coming on 29th January. The auspicious time for Sarasvati Puja will start from 10.45 am on Wednesday and will last till 12.30 pm.


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